X-Chair by Hvidt and Mølgaard-Nielsen, 1960

Furniture designed by Peter Hvidt and Orla Mølgaard-Nielsen; The X-Chair, circa 1960.

Chair in cane and teak. Dimension: 72 x 56 x 75 cm.

Executed by Fritz Hansen

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Peter HVIDT (1916 -1986) & Orla MOLGAARD-NIELSEN (1907 – 1993) – Manufacture Fritz Hansen & son, France 

Peter Hvidt trained as an architect and cabinetmaker in Copenhagen. He created his influential Portex chair in 1944 but would realize his biggest achievement in 1950 with the AX chair, designed in partnership with architect and furniture designer Orla Mølgaard-Nielsen.

The two worked together for 31 years, designing pieces for renowned Danish manufacturers like Fritz Hansen, France & Son, and Søborg Møbelfabrik. 

Among their common feature of the partners’ work was the construction of designs in solid wood, including “classics” like their storage units, day beds, and tables that are still highly sought after today.

Peter Hvidt was born in 1916. He studied at the School of Arts & Crafts in Copenhagen and taught there from 1942 until 1945.

Orla Mølgaard-Nielsen, born in 1907, trained first at the Aalborg Technical School before moving onto the School of Arts & Crafts. He continued his studies under Kaare Klint at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts between 1931 and 1934.

The two men formed their own design studio in 1944 and would work together until 1975 when Hvidt retired. According to Galerie Møbler, the pair designed no less than 256 pieces of furniture together. Their most iconic piece was the AX Chair, introduced to the world in 1950 and exhibited as part of the 1951 “Good Design” show at New York’s Museum of Modern Art.

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