ARCHIPENKO, Alexandrer (1887 – 1964)

Ukrainian avant-garde sculptor and graphic artist

Alexandrer ARCHIPENKO (1887 - 1964)

Biography

Alexander Porfyrovych Archipenko born on May 30, 1887 and died on February 25, 1964; He was a Ukrainian avant-garde sculptor and graphic artist.

Alexander Archipenko was born in Kiev, (Russian Empire, now Ukraine) in 1887, to Porfiry Antonowych Archipenko and Poroskowia Vassylivna Machowa Archipenko; he was the younger brother of Eugene Archipenko.

From 1902 to 1905 he attended the Kiev Art School (KKHU), after which he continued his education in the arts as the student of S. Svyatoslavsky in 1906, also in Kiev. In the same year he had an exhibition, together with Alexander Bogomazov, in Kiev. Later that same year he moved to Moscow where he had a chance to exhibit his work in some group shows.

Archipenko moved to Paris in 1908 and was a resident in the artist’s colony La Ruche, among emigrated Russian artists as Wladimir Baranoff-Rossine, Sonia Delaunay-Terk and Nathan Altman.

After 1910 he had exhibitions at Salon des Indépendants, Salon d’Automne together with Aleksandra Ekster, Kazimir Malevich, Vadym Meller, Sonia Delaunay-Terk alongside Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and André Derain.

In 1912 Archipenko had his first personal exhibition at the Museum Folkwang at Hagen in Germany, and from 1912 to 1914 he was teaching at his own Art School in Paris.

Archipenko moved to Nice in 1914 and in 1920 he participated in Twelfth Biennale Internazionale dell’Arte di Venezia in Italy, he started his own Art school in Berlin the following year. In 1922 Archipenko participated in the First Russian Art Exhibition in the Gallery van Diemen in Berlin together with Aleksandra Ekster, Kazimir Malevich, Solomon Nikritin, El Lissitzky and others.

In 1923 he emigrated to the United States, and participated in an exhibition of Russian Paintings and Sculpture. He became a US citizen in 1928.

In 1933 he exhibited at the Ukrainian pavilion in Chicago as part of the Century of Progress World’s Fair. Alexander Archipenko contributed the most to the success of the Ukrainian pavilion.  In 1936 Archipenko participated in an exhibition Cubism and Abstract Art in New York as well as numerous exhibitions in Europe and other places in the U.S.

He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1962.

Alexander Archipenko died on February 25, 1964, in New York City. He is buried at the Woodlawn Cemetery.

Source: Wikipedia

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